Breudwd Rhyddiaith Gymraeg 1300-1425

Pennyn y Fenter Amgodio Testunau (TEI) ar gyfer LlGC Llsgr. 3035 (Mostyn 116)

: 'NLW 3035 B (Mostyn 116): An Electronic Edition' TEI header

: Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC), Whitefriars, Lewins Mead, Bristol BS1 2AE 0117 987 6500

Principal Investigator: Peter Wynn Thomas

Transcribed and encoded by D. Mark Smith

Transcribed and encoded by Diana Luft

School of Welsh, Cardiff University Cardiff 2013

  • : Aberystwyth
  • : National Library of Wales
  • : 3035 B
  • : Mostyn 116
  • : Gloddaeth 93

The manuscript contains copies of the historical tracts Ystoria Dared, Brut y Brenhinoedd and Brut y Tywysogion. The manuscript was not consulted by the editors of the Myfyrian Archaiology of Wales in the preparation of their edition of the Brutiau for volume II of that work and may have been unknown to them. It was used by Thomas Jones to provide text in some sections of his edition of Brut y Tywysogion or The Chronicle of the Princes: Red Book of Hergest Version, and to provide variant readings in others.

J. Gwenogvryn Evans (1898-1910: 56) claims that the pages containing Brut y Tywysogion (142-end) were written earlier than the pages containing Ystoria Dared and Brut y Brenhinoedd, and points out that the extensive verbal agreement between the texts in this manuscript and those contained in the later Red Book of Hergest (Jesus 119) make it likely that the scribe of the Red Book copied his text from this manuscript. The similarity extends to division of chapters, orthographical variation, and slips and omissions. Thomas Jones doubts that this manuscript represents a copy of the Red Book: "a detailed examination of the readings of M compared with those of R has proved to me that this view of the relationship between the two MSS. is untenable" (Jones 1955: xxiv). The text of Brut y Tywysogion is incomplete, with one gathering missing at the end.

Page Contents Hand
i Note on Contents ?J. Gwenogvryn Evans
1r-23v Ystoria Dared X92
24r-107v Brut y Brenhinoedd X92
108r illegible text in a 16th-century hand unidentified
108v-141v Brut y Brenhinoedd X92
142r-205v Brut y Tywysogion X92

The following texts were consulted during transcription:

  • Evans, J. Gwenogvryn and Rhŷs, John. eds. 1890. The Text of the Bruts from the Red Book of Hergest. Oxford: J.G. Evans.
  • Jones, Thomas. ed. 1955. Brut y Tywysogyon or The Chronicle of the Princes: Red Book of Hergest Version. Cardiff: University of Wales Press.
  • Lewis, Henry. ed. 1942. Brut Dingestow. Cardiff: University of Wales Press.

Supplied text in Ystoria Dared and Brut y Brenhinoedd is taken from Evans and Rhŷs (1890).Supplied text in Brut y Tywysogion is taken from Jones (1955).

Page numbering is in the top right hand corner of each folio, in black ink, in a sixteenth-century hand.

The foliator has neglected to assign the number 7 to the appropriate page, but there is no lacuna in the text between pages 6v and 8r.

There are two pages numbered 138. These have been numbered 138A and 138B in this edition.

Page 142r has what could be a separate page number, 680, in the top right corner. This number appears to be in the same sixteenth century hand as the rest of the page numbers. As the manuscript has been cropped this may have been part of a marginalium that is now lost.

At page 153, page numbering begins to appear in a modern hand in pencil in the top right corner of the recto pages, duplicating that in the sixteenth century hand.

Catchwords are occasionally found in the bottom right hand corner of the page. Others may have been cut off during binding. All catchwords are in the hand of the main scribe unless otherwise noted. With the exception of the first and last examples, all the catchwords above have been encircled. At 33v <tus> and <y vrutus> are separately encircled. Examples may be seen at: 9v: baraỽt, 17v: marchogyon, 32r: bỽell, 33v: tus y vrutus, 41v: ynywed, 49v: Ac ym pen, 57v: Ac odyna kymry, 64v: dyfot, 75v: wys, 87v: ar gefyn, 99v: ac ny la, 112v: o warwic, 121v: ỽybot, 129v: arall, 137v: y orymdeith, 149v: diaỽd, 156v: o gỽbyl, 164v: wythyr, 178v: saỽc o, 190v: ytoedynt, 198v: drỽy genat

The manuscript is in good condition, though page 1r is darkened, possibly due to exposure, as is page 141v.

Folio 142 is ripped almost in half, and page 206v is considerably darkened, perhaps indicating that the manuscript existed in two separate parts for a considerable time before being bound together.

Some of the writing on page 1r has been retraced in black ink, possibly in the same sixteenth-century hand that is responsible for many of the marginalia. The manuscript has been cropped and while the main text is unaffected, many of the marginalia have become wholly or partially lost.

Folio 108 consists of a smaller piece of vellum inserted into the manuscript containing a missing passage. There is contemporary writing only on the verso. The passage should be placed after the text ending at 109r.9, as indicated by cross-shaped insertion marks.

Folio 184r/184v has been cropped in the bottom left/right corner but this has not affected the text.

Folio 135r/135v has a hole in the right/left margin spanning lines 13-15.

The bottom right corner of page 135r/bottom left corner of page 135v has been ripped out.

Folio 142r/142v is ripped almost in half at line 13. Folio 145r/145v has a small tear at line 20.

The text is written in a single column of text. Each page contains between 23 and 30 lines of text, with 30 lines being the most common number.

The manuscript is written in the late-fourteenth-century rounded textura hand of an unidentified scribe. J. Gwenogvryn Evans notes that this scribe also wrote British Library Additional 19709 (1898-1910: 62). This scribe has been given the designation 'X92' by Daniel Huws. This designation has been used for the purposes of this transcription.

The script is characterised by a number of letter forms which are either unique or at times difficult to interpret. At times <o> and <y> are almost indistinguishable from one another, e.g. in <chỽfent> 112v.5.

At times <v> and <y> are almost indistinguishable from one another, e.g. in <ỽrth> 104r.29.

This scribe uses both regular and medial <a>. The medial <a> often serves almost as a capital, and is commonly found at the beginning of names and clauses.

The difference between some of the capitals and smaller forms may be slight. This is especially so when the capital is simply a slightly larger version of the smaller form. Examples of such capitals are:

  • <H> 118r.6
  • <J> 9v.15
  • <K> 105r.30
  • <S> 118r.7
  • <V> 9v.7, 119r.23, 176v.23
  • <Y> 11r.4

The scribe uses many ligatured letters, including ligatured <bb>, <ll>, <lb>, <lh>, <pp> and <ct>. The last form is often difficult to interpret as it is often indistinguishable from <cc>, e.g. at:

  • ector 14v.10
  • octa 118r.12
  • dryccyo 84r.15
  • andromacca 9r.15, 14r.4, 14r.7
  • varchocca 87r.22
  • hetto 87r.23
  • dylyedocca 92v.10
  • ketymdeithoccau 129v.13-14, 133r.23
  • vydychoccau 138Bv.22
  • thrugaroccaf 149r.4
  • gyhoededicca 183r.14

Though words are separated by clearly distinguishable spaces throughout most of the manuscript, it is not always clear whether items are to be taken to represent one word or two.

A particular feature of this scribe is his almost general tendency to represent /f/ with <f>. Other notable features include:

  • <ff> for /v/, e.g. araff 21r.8, 70v.7; argyffreu 38r.29; coff 39r.18, 90v.10; kyffeillon 22r.30; kyffreideu 5r.24-25; chyffanhedu 24v.1; vỽyaff 34r.5, 54r.14, 68r.11, 129r.7 etc.; eff 18v.30, 35r.25, 43v.16, 48r.15, 72v.14, 89r.19, 98v.12, 104v.11, 109r.17 etc.; gyntaff 19v.13; hynaff 39r.8-9; [y]seff 27v.15, 32v.10, 98v.2, 110r.17, 117v.14
  • <ll> for /l/, e.g. amryfaylloon 133r.18; kyllch 157r.22; diholl 68v.15; dirgell 157r.10; hollaỽll 104v.13; hỽyllassant 205r.2; millỽryaeth 122v.9
  • <td> for /d/, e.g. dylyetdogyon 114r.9; newitdyaỽ 103r.1; rootdres 110r.8
  • <ỽw> for /w/, e.g. aỽwyrolyon 31r.3; gỽeỽwyr 50r.19; llaỽwer 58v.5

The spelling of many names shows considerable variation. We have not drawn attention to such names with <sic> tags as in most cases the identity of names is clear enough not to need explanation. The spelling of a certain names may vary throughout the text.

Ystoria Dared: Variant spellings are given here, along with the form of the name from Ferdinand Meister's edition of the Latin Daretis Phrygii De Excidio Troiae Historia:

  • agomemnon (agamemnon) 10r.10
  • alaxander (alexander) 18r.7
  • andromatka (andromacca) 14r.15; andromacka 14r.17
  • eruỽlf (erkwlff) 2r.27; ernỽlf 2v.1
  • illuxes (ulixes) 10v.11, 13v.2; iluxes 11r.7, 20v.24
  • moesia (DE xvi Mysiam); 10v.13; boisia 10v.26; voesia 11v.16; voessia 13r.12; voetia 15v.6
  • sorpa (DE ix Sparta) 5v.15
  • Telebelus (DE xiv Tlepolemus) 9v.10; telephelenus 15r.19
  • neopolonus (DE xxxv Neoptolemus) 19v.2; neopolonius 19v.4, 19v.7; neoptoloni[us] 19v.8
  • pantissilia (DE xxxvi Penthesilea) 20r.7; phentissilia: 20r.8; pentisilaa: 20r.13; Pentissilea: 20r.16; pentissilea: 20r.25
  • phir (DE xxxvi Neoptolemus) 20r.21; pyr: 20r.23; pirr: 20r.23, 20r.28, 22v.19, 22v.22, 23r.25

Brut y Brenhinoedd: The quoted forms represent the most common spelling of the names in the manuscript:

  • katua (katuan) 134r.1
  • credic (ceredic) 135r.14
  • gereint garnỽys (gereint garanwys) 125v.28
  • haffren (hafren) 35r.26
  • humur (humyr) 35r.29, 134r.3
  • hyngist (hengist) 75v.30; hengyt 76v.11; heingyst 91r.6, 9; hengist 91v.23, 92r.7
  • hywed (hywel) 137v.2
  • oswi aelwynt (oswi aelwyn) 138Bv.6
  • penda (peanda) 139r.13
  • predein (prydein) 68r.29
  • selyd (selyf) 138Av.1
  • selyl (selyf) 138Ar.24

Brut y Tywysogion: Where unattributed, the forms in brackets represent the most common spelling of the names in the manuscript:

  • kelynaỽr (kelynawc): 145r.11
  • eiff (eifft) 198v.18
  • eilad (eilaf) 147r.2
  • ercuỽlf (ercwlf) 154r.17
  • eueurys (BT (Eneurys) 144v.2
  • ỽein (ywein) 145r.2, 175r.1, 177r.3; ywin 155v.26; ewein 156r.10; owein 173v.21; yewein 174r.3
  • gelat (gerallt) 166r.17; (g)eralt 152v.8, 162r.21
  • gilberth (gilbert) 171v.11
  • jdnederth (idnerth) 150v.4
  • jouerth (joruerth) 153r.11, 175v.20
  • llỽyn (llyyn) 145r.11
  • jeuas (RBH Jeuaf) 145
  • llywlyn (llywelyn) 200r.10
  • moel cỽlỽn (moel cwlwm); 154v.25;
  • mỽrthath (mwrchath) 153r.20; murtarch 157r.6; murtart 157r.9; mỽrthach 178v.10; murdarth 179r.8; murcherdarch 167v.6
  • ỽyneb (wyned) 178v.18

The text contains a number of common abbreviations. These have been expanded in the transcription to the forms that are given elsewhere in the text itself rather than to standard or dictionary forms.

  • macron for <n>: arya[n]t 68v.28; brenhi[n] 68r.30, 142v.20, 162r.25; kyn[n]o 201r.12; ha[n]uot: 12r.15; hyn[n]y 56v.26; vdu[n]t 5r.8, 121r.28; vdun[n]t 67v.24; y[n] 11r.22
  • macron for <m>: liliu[m] 82v.28
  • <9> for <us>: neoptolom[us] 19v.8; magn[us] 153r.16
  • <’> for <ur>: arth[ur] 120r.22, 120v.6, 120v.13, etc.

Certain commonly occuring names and words may also be abbreviated:

  • <ansynh~> for <ansynhwyrus>: 165r.1
  • <arch~> for <archescop>: 112v.23
  • <bar.> for <bard>: 329.36
  • <brenh~> for <brenhin>: 94r.8, 102v.8, 118r.7 etc.
  • <.c.> for <crist>: 143r.21
  • <kyf~> for <kyfreith>: 159v.14
  • <kyn~> for <kynuarch>: 109v.3
  • <gr> for <gruffud>: 204v.25, 205r.9
  • <gruff~> for <gruffud>: 148r.4, 148v.17, 148v.20 etc.
  • <Jeu> for <Jeuan>: 189v.1, 189v.18
  • <jorcc> for <joruerth>: 159v.27, 159v.28, 160r.1 etc.
  • <.ll.> for <llywelyn>: 65v.2, 148r.5, 151r.24 etc.
  • <.m.> for <mab>: 113r.6, 113r.7. 113r.8 etc.
  • <Mad> for <Madawc>: 205r.9
  • <ml~> for <mlyned>: 142r.19, 142v.4, 142v.6 etc.
  • <.o.o.c.> for <oed oet crist>: 143v.2, 143v.5, 143v.12 etc.
  • <oe.o.c.> for <oed oet crist>: 146r.7
  • <p> for <prydein>: 68v.22, 79r.6, 105r.11 etc.
  • <Pd> for <Prydein>: 95v.30

Punctuation in this hand consists of the punctus and the punctus elevatus. Crosses in the left margin at 121v.13 to the word <foynt> at 121v.14 probably indicate that the underlined text in these lines is meant to be deleted.

In some places it is obvious that the scribe has skipped from one line to another because the same word appears in successive lines. Modern published editions of the text from other sources make apparent the aberrant reading in this manuscript. Examples may be seen at:

Location Manuscript reading Edition
10v.29-30 ynteu yn kynal y vrenhin newyd yn da ac ynteu a dywaỽt yna ỽrth achil bot yn nerthach y r llu or byd ynteu gynnal y vrenhinyaeth neỽyd yn da arnaỽ. a dyuot ynhydyr y gyt ac ỽynteu y ymlad a gỽyr troea. A thelephus a dyỽaỽt ỽrth achel bot yn nerthach yr llu rodi bỽyllyrneu oỽenith…(RBH 17.1).
13v.17-18 eu llu y maes. agamemnon a menelaus ac achil ac aerua vaỽr a vu yrydunt. ac yn yr ymgyuaruot Ac agamemnon. a menelaus. ac achelarỽy a deuthant yn eu herbyn. ac aerua vaỽr a vu y rydunt. Ac yn yr ymgyuaruot… (RBH 22.5)
68r.12 bot yny prydein. a chymryt: ygyt ac ỽynt ynys brydein heb vrenhin arnei. llawenhau a wnaethant a chymryt y gyt ac ỽynt y borth vỽyaf ac… (RBH 119.28)
178v.13-14 Joruerth goch ap Maredud o e genedyl ac o e gyuoeth ymochnant ygan y deu ywein a r deu ywein hyny Ac yd aeth hyt yn Normandi at urenhin Lloegyr y eruyneit idaw y dodi yn y gyuoeth dracheuen wedy cwynaw wrthaw. Ac yn y ulwydyn honno y gwrthladwyt Ioruerth Goch ap Maredud oe gyuoeth… (BT 148.5-8)

The decoration consists in the main of large decorated initials in red ink.

The inside of the front cover contains a Gloddaeth Library bookplate. The number 93 has been written on the bookplate in a modern hand, possibly that of J. Gwenogvryn Evans, identifying it as MS. 93 in that collection.

The bottom of page 23v contains a large drawing of a six-sided star, spanning some 25 lines. There is a cross above the large initial <A> on page 108v, which matches up with a similar cross in the right margin of 109r at line 9, indicating that the text on 108v is to be inserted at that point.

A unique set of fillers joined together by a squiggly line is to be found at 51v.18.

A drawing of a hand appears in the left margin of page 200v.

In many places where there are coloured initial letters, the scribe has indicated what the letter should be with a smaller form which appears behind the initial. Examples may be seen at: 101v.16 and 114v.19.

Readers’ marks are to be found in the margins at 119r RM.3, 120r RM.16, 120v LM.21, 145v LM.2, 146v IL.20 (above <nac>), 148r RM.19, 154r RM.8, 154v LM.7, 156r IL.12-13 (above <wahan redaỽl>), 156r IL.15-16 (above <vchtryt>), 156r RM.17, 156v RM.21, 157v LM.10, 163v LM.12, 166r RM.4, 167v LM.16, 167v LM.19, 168r RM.7, 173v LM.12 and 175r RM.22.

Paragraph marks in the hand of the main scribe in red ink are to be found in the margins at 168r RM.15 and 168r RM.24.

The manuscript contains some underlining in black ink, probably of the sixteenth century and possibly in the same hand as the page numbering and the sixteenth century marginal additions. The underlining usually serves to mark out names of characters as well as the beginnings of sentences. This feature has not been encoded.

The following marginalia, mostly in later hands, have not been included in the transcription:

  • 1r TM: 'No. 30'
  • 2r RM.2: '=myn' (comment on 'orchygarch')
  • 2r LM.10: 'g' (unclear)
  • 3r RM.23: 'B'
  • 4v LM.7: 'iuno'
  • 4v LM.23: 'Ryfelwir[us]'
  • 5r RM.10: 'annogre' (referring to 'anuones';, which in RBH is 'anoges')
  • 5v TM: 'bron hinieth yw troya'
  • 6r TM: 'vel 7'
  • 8r RM.14-15: 'Pryd G[.]wyr Groeg'
  • 10v LM.12: '[…]niandaw' (unclear)
  • 11r RM.6: 'b[…]'
  • 11r RM.8: 'mandas[…]'(unclear)
  • 12r TM.30: 'ingevare' (unclear)
  • 12v LM.7: 'impan ic' (unclear)
  • 13r RM.18: 'ỽ[…]'
  • 13r RM.25: 'priam' (unclear)
  • 14v BM: 'bann allwn baban iddi +' (more cut off at bottom of print)
  • 15r RM.1: 'imperin' (unclear)
  • 15r RM illegible
  • 15r BM: illegible
  • 18v LM.9: 'eripuh' (unclear)
  • 19r RM.4: 'dyuot'
  • 22v LM.16: 'brat'
  • 23v LM.6: 'coll mae yma goll. perys mostyn'
  • 23v BM: 'Simonis Thelwalli Plâswardensis Armig[er]. Liber, teste Guil. Mauririo Lansilimens. qui hunc totu[m] ad suum Exemplar examinavit. 1660' (This is a reference to Simon Thelwall of Plas y Ward, probably the son of Edward Thelwall and his second wife, Gaenor.)
  • 24r TM: 'Brut y Brenhinedd'
  • 24r TM: 'bryttayn'
  • 24v IL.8: 'Enias'
  • 24v LM.21: 'tiberis auon' (scribe's hand, in box)
  • 25r TM: 'bruttus'
  • 25v TM: 'p. 25'
  • 25r RM.7: 'bỽa' (scribe's hand, in box)
  • 25v BM: 'Tro ii. o ddalenau a chais y rhif 26'
  • 26r TM: 'cais y dechreu uchod'
  • 26r TM: 'brutus'
  • 26r TM: 'cam gret' (unclear)
  • 26r RM.7-8: 'llythyr brutus bendra'
  • 26r RM.10: 'llythyr' (unclear)
  • 26r IL.4: 'un' above 'ynialỽch'
  • 27r TM: 'brutus'
  • 28r TM: 'brutus'
  • 29r TM: 'brutus'
  • 29r RM.24: 'nerth' (unclear)
  • 29r RM.30: 'tyr[…]'
  • 29v TM: 'brutus'
  • 30r TM: 'bruttus'
  • 30r RM.9: 'yw'
  • 30r RM.23: 'Jgnogen'
  • 30v LM.3: 'Leogicia Jns'
  • 30v LM.29: 'ewic' (scribe's hand, in box)
  • 31r TM: 'brutus'
  • 31r RM.15: 'Brut'
  • 31v LM.1: 'xxx' (scribe's hand, in a box)
  • 31v LM.2-3: 'Africa minor'
  • 31v LM.4-5: 'Arce Phil Ruscan Azaras'
  • 31v LM.6: 'Piratce'
  • 31v LM.8: 'avon' (scribe's hand, in a box)
  • 31v LM.9: 'malif'
  • 31v LM.9-10: 'Mauritania Tingitana'
  • 31v LM.12: 'morỽyn' (scribe's hand, in a box)
  • 31v LM.17-18: 'corineus' (scribe's hand, in a box)
  • 32r TM: 'brutus'
  • 32r RM.7: 'ymbert' (scribe's hand, in a box)
  • 32v LM.10: '[...]uardus' (scribe's hand, in box)
  • 33r TM: 'bruttus'
  • 33v LM.19: 'turn' (scribe's hand, in a box)
  • 34r TM: 'brutus'
  • 34r RM.15-16: 'ranu' (scribe's hand, in box)
  • 34v LM.2: 'kawr'
  • 35r TM: 'brutus'
  • 35r LM.18: 'enỽ' (scribe's hand, in box)
  • 35v TM: 'locrinvs'
  • 35v LM.16: 'pryt' (scribe's hand, in box)
  • 35v LM.18: 'esyllt' (scribe's hand, in box)
  • 36r RM.3-4: 'gỽendolei' (unclear, scribe's hand, in box)
  • 36v TM: 'madawc'
  • 36v LM.1: 'menyobry' (unclear)
  • 36v LM.28-9: 'efraỽc' (scribe's hand, in box)
  • 37r RM.14-16: 'bru[…] tar[…] las[…]' (scribe's hand, in box)
  • 37r RM.21: 'lleon' (unclear, scribe's hand, in box)
  • 37r RM.24: 'selyf' (scribe's hand, in box)
  • 37r RM.26: 'saba' (scribe's hand, in box)
  • 37v TM: illegible
  • 37v RM.25: 'achil' (unclear, scribe's hand, in box)
  • 37v RM.28: 'llyr' (scribe's hand, in box)
  • 38r TM: 'llyr'
  • 38r RM.29: 'dos'
  • 38v TM: 'llyr'
  • 39r TM: 'llyr'
  • 40r RM.7-8: 'ac yd […]'
  • 40v TM: 'llyr'
  • 40v LM.3: 'grefftroyr' (unclear)
  • 40v LM.26: 'iseias' (scribe's hand, in box)
  • 40v LM.28: '[…]cem' (unclear, scribe's hand, in box)
  • 41r TM: 'kywallawn'
  • 41v TM: 'dyfwal'
  • 42r TM: 'beli bran'
  • 42v TM: 'beli a bran'
  • 43r TM: 'beli a bran'
  • 43v TM: 'beli a bran'
  • 44r TM: 'beli a bran'
  • 44v TM: 'beli a bran'
  • 45r TM: 'beli a bran'
  • 45v TM: 'Twrgan'
  • 45v LM.17: 'y werddore' (unclear)
  • 46r RM. 4-6 'marcia seusylli i niaỽ'
  • 46r LM.19: 'blingaw'
  • 46v BM: 'orthass' (unclear)
  • 47v LM.17: 'lludd'
  • 47v LM.27: 'kaswall'
  • 47v LM.28: 'kasswall'
  • 48r TM: 'kaswallawn'
  • 48r RM.25: 'llythy'
  • 48v IL.28 'y maen' (unclear, over 'yn rydec')
  • 48v IL.29 'yn cably y mor drosto' (over 'y dodi eira a reỽ')
  • 49r TM: 'kaswallawn' (unclear)
  • 49v TM: 'kaswallawn'
  • 50v TM: 'kaswallawn'
  • 50v LM.12: 'nala' (unclear)
  • 51v TM: 'kaswallawn'
  • 52r TM: 'kaswallawn'
  • 52v TM: 'kasswallawn'
  • 52v LM.24: 'vy weith' (unclear)
  • 53r TM: 'kasswallawn'
  • 53v TM: 'Tenevan'
  • 53v LM.19: illegible
  • 53v LM.23-4: 'y ganet iessu' (scribe's hand, in a box)
  • 54r TM: 'kynvelyn'
  • 54v IL.14: 'gloyw ymherawdyr'
  • 55r TM: 'Gwerydd'
  • 55v TM: 'Gwerydd'
  • 55v LM.8: 'peder' (scribe's hand, in box)
  • 56r TM: 'Gwerydd'
  • 56v TM: 'Mevruc'
  • 57r TM: 'koyl' (unclear)
  • 57r BM: 'dỽywan a ffagan' (scribe's hand, in box)
  • 57r RM.14: illegible
  • 57r RM.15: 'ddaya' (unclear)
  • 57r RM.16: 'lles'
  • 57r RM.17: 'lles'
  • 57v TM: 'lles'
  • 58r TM: 'lles'
  • 58r IL.15: illegible
  • 58v LM.13: 'mur'
  • 58v LM.19: 'gormessoed'
  • 58v LM.21: illegible
  • 59r TM: 'basiana'
  • 59r RM.15: 'basiana'
  • 59v LM.23: 'garavn'
  • 60v TM: 'asclepiodotus'
  • 60v LM.12: illegible
  • 60v LM.24: 'lles'
  • 60v LM.28: illegible
  • 61r TM: 'lles'
  • 61v TM: 'coel'
  • 61v LM.15: 'elen.' (scribe's hand, in box)
  • 62r TM: 'gwstenin'
  • 62r RM.12: illegible
  • 62v IL.20-1: illegible
  • 63r TM: 'evdaf'
  • 63r IL.4: illegible
  • 63r RM.15: 'M[…]' (scribe's hand, in box)
  • 64r TM: 'maxen'
  • 64r RM.20: 'en' (scribe's hand, correcting the spelling of 'bren', which is altered in the text)
  • 64v TM: 'evdaf'
  • 64v BM: 'Cais uchod ii. o ddalenau wedi cam[m]-osod ar ol. pag. 25'
  • 65r TM: 'evdaf cam[m]osod'
  • 65v TM: 'maxen'
  • 66r TM: 'maxen cam[m]osod'
  • 66r IL.20: 'pwy' (unclear)
  • 66v TM: 'maxen'
  • 67r TM: 'kynan mariadawc camosod'
  • 67r RM.15: 'dun'a (scribe's hand, reiterating alteration in the text)
  • 67v TM: 'kynan'
  • 68r TM: 'kynan camosod'
  • 68r RM.19: 'munueps'
  • 68v TM: 'gratian'
  • 69r TM: 'gratian camm-osod'
  • 69v TM: 'camm-'
  • 70r TM: '-osod'
  • 70r TM: 'Gwinwas a melwas'
  • 70r IL.4: 'vyrder' (above 'vrỽydyr')
  • 70r RM.4: 'subito'
  • 70v LM.13: 'kwyn'
  • 70v IL.14: 'llythyr'
  • 70v IL.22: 'llydaw'
  • 71r TM: 'camosod'
  • 71v LM.3: 'vwyaf' (correcting 'vfydhaf' in text)
  • 72r TM: 'Kwstennin camm osod'
  • 72r RM.24: 'gwrtheyrn'
  • 72v LM.23 'Co[n]sta[n]s'
  • 73r TM: 'Constans Camosod'
  • 74r TM: 'Camosod'
  • 74r IL.25: 'Gwrtheyn[…]'
  • 74v TM: 'Gwrtheyrn'
  • 74v LM.9: 'hors'
  • 74v LM.10: 'hengest'
  • 74v LM.15: 'seis'
  • 75r TM: 'Gwrtheyrn Cam[m]-osod'
  • 75r RM.16: 'hors' (scribe's hand, in box)
  • 75v TM: 'p. 75 Camm-osod. gwrtheyrn'
  • 75v BM: 'Cais pag. 76 isod'
  • 76r TM: 'bid. Cam-osod uchod gwrtheyrn'
  • 76v TM: 'Gwrtheyrn' (unclear)
  • 76v LM.3: 'karei'
  • 77r TM: 'Gwrtheyrn' (unclear)
  • 77r RM.18: 'hegroec'
  • 78r TM: 'Gwrtheyrn'
  • 78r RM.19: 'gannon' (unclear)
  • 78v LM.9: 'delỽ' (scribe's hand, in box)
  • 78v LM.20: 'gwrtheyrn'
  • 79r TM: 'Gwrtheyrn'
  • 79r RM.13: 'Ambri'
  • 79r RM.21: 'bra[...]' (scribe's hand, in box)
  • 79v, 80r TM: 'Gwrtheyrn'
  • 80r RM.19: 'yna' (scribe's hand, in box)
  • 80v LM.2: 'hyynu' (unclear, scribe's hand, in box)
  • 80v LM.24: 'uondy' (unclear)
  • 81r TM: 'Gwrtheyrn'
  • 81v LM.10: 'noth' (unclear)
  • 82r TM: 'Gwrtheyrn'
  • 82r RM.3: 'th[…] dd[…]'
  • 82v TM: illegible
  • 82v LM.4: 'uot ti'
  • 83v, 84r TM: 'brut'
  • 84v TM: 'gwrthe[…]n'
  • 84v LM.14: 'ueddyglyn'
  • 85r TM: 'Brut'
  • 85v LM.20: 'vrodyr'
  • 86r TM: 'brut gwrtheyrn'
  • 86v LM.9-11: 'cywethla litigabit gwythlaw ifigiosus' (unclear)
  • 87r TM: 'brut gwy[…]'
  • 88r TM: 'Gwrtheyrn'
  • 88v IL.5: 'Emrys'
  • 89r TM: 'Emrys'
  • 90r TM: 'Emrrys'
  • 91r TM: 'Emrys'
  • 92r TM: 'Emrys'
  • 93r TM: 'Emrys'
  • 93r IL.6: 'Emerys wledic'
  • 94r TM: 'Emrys'
  • 95r TM: 'Emrrys'
  • 96r TM: 'Emerys'
  • 96r IL.8: 'Emerys wledic'
  • 97r TM: 'Emrys'
  • 97v TM: 'vthur'
  • 98r TM: 'vthur'
  • 98r IL.2: 'vthyr benn dragwn'
  • 99r TM: 'vthyr'
  • 99v LM.10: 'eigr'
  • 103r TM: 'Vthyr' (16th century hand)
  • 104r TM: 'Arthur' (16th century hand)
  • 105r TM: 'Arthur' (16th century hand)
  • 106r TM: 'Arthur' (16th century hand)
  • 106r IL.6: 'Arthur ap Vthỽr' (16th century hand)
  • 107r TM: 'Arthur' (16th century hand)
  • 109r TM: 'Arthur' (16th century hand)
  • 109r RM.26: 'meibon' (scribe's hand)
  • 109v TM: 'gwlad gyn vdrd' (unclear, later hand)
  • 109v LM.2-3: '[…]als […]flima' (later hand)
  • 109v IL.4: 'ei' (later hand, above 'y' possibly as explanation)
  • 110r TM: 'Arthur' (16th century hand)
  • 110r RM.22: 'europo' (unclear, scribe's hand)
  • 110v LM.22: 'frolho' (scribe's hand)
  • 111r TM: 'Arthur' (16th century hand)
  • 112r IL.12: 'gwledd gayr llion' (16th century hand)
  • 113r TM: 'Arthur' (16th century hand)
  • 114r TM: 'Arthur' (16th century hand)
  • 115r TM: 'Arthur' (16th century hand)
  • 115r RM.7: 'llythyr' (16th century hand)
  • 116r TM: 'Arthur' (16th century hand)
  • 117v LM.14: '[…]riff'
  • 118r TM: 'Arthur' (16th century hand)
  • 119r TM: 'Arthur' (16th century hand)
  • 120r TM: 'Arthur' (16th century hand)
  • 121r TM: 'Arthur' (16th century hand)
  • 122r TM: 'Arthur' (16th century hand)
  • 123r TM: 'Arthur' (16th century hand)
  • 124r TM: 'Arthur' (16th century hand)
  • 125r TM: 'Arthur' (16th century hand)
  • 126r TM: 'Arthur' (16th century hand)
  • 127r TM: 'Arthur' (16th century hand)
  • 128r TM: 'Arthur' (16th century hand)
  • 129r TM: 'Arthur' (16th century hand)
  • 130r TM: 'Arthur' (16th century hand)
  • 130v TM: 'Custenin' (unclear, 16th century hand)
  • 130v LM.9: '[…]sp' (unclear)
  • 130v LM.19: '[…]lỽc' (unclear)
  • 131r RM.5: 'kyna' (unclear, 16th century hand)
  • 131r RM.13-14: 'gwerthvyr' (unclear, 16th century hand)
  • 131r RM.18-19: 'Maylgỽn' (unclear, 16th century hand)
  • 131r RM.27: 'keredic' (unclear, 16th century hand)
  • 131v TM: 'Ceredic' (unclear, 16th century hand)
  • 132r RM.7: 'bangor' (16th century hand)
  • 133r TM: illegible
  • 133v LM.27: 'Gattvan' (16th century hand)
  • 134r TM: 'katvan' (16th century hand)
  • 134v TM: 'katwallawn' (16th century hand)
  • 134v LM.23: 'Maylgu'
  • 135r TM: 'Kattwallawn' (16th century hand)
  • 135v TM: 'Katwallawn' (16th century hand)
  • 135v LM.10: 'Politus'
  • 136r TM: 'Katwallawn' (16th century hand)
  • 136v TM: 'katwallawn' (16th century hand)
  • 136v LM.27: 'Gildas' (scribe's hand)
  • 137r TM: 'kattwallawn' (16th century hand)
  • 137r RM.24: 'Maylg[…]' (16th century hand)
  • 137v TM: 'katwallawn' (unclear, 16th century hand)
  • 138Ar TM: illegible
  • 138Bv TM: 'katwallawn' (16th century hand)
  • 139r TM: 'katuallawn' (16th century hand)
  • 140r TM: 'kadwaladr' (16th century hand)
  • 140v LM.25: 'llef' (scribe's hand, circled)
  • 140v LM.27: 'escyrn' (scribe's hand, circled)
  • 141r TM: 'katwaladyr' (16th century hand)
  • 141r RM.10: 'Jbor' (later hand)
  • 141v BM: 'Diwedd Brut y Brenhinedd. weithian y canlyn Brut y Tywysogion hy. historia Regum Brit[anniae]. [et] Principu[m]' (16th century hand)
  • 142r TM: '680' (16th century hand)
  • 142r BM: 'Brut y Tywysogion y gelwis y llyfr hwn o hyn allan' (16th century hand)
  • 143v LM.12: '[…]nwy' (?16th century hand)
  • 144r RM.10: '910' (?16th century hand)
  • 144v LM.10-11: '[…]llan […]rwst' (unclear, ?16th century hand)
  • 145r IL.14: 'ddu' (unclear, above 'gustenyn', ?16th century hand)
  • 145r IL.15: 'ddu' (unclear, above 'custenyn', ?16th century hand)
  • 145v LM.15: '990' (?16th century hand)
  • 146r RM.3: 'lla[…] gro[…]' (unclear)
  • 146r RM.7: '1000' (?16th century hand)
  • 146r RM.11: '1010' (?16th century hand)
  • 147v LM.12: '1050' (?16th century hand)
  • 148r RM.4: '1060' (?16th century hand)
  • 148r RM.9: '1061' (?16th century hand)
  • 149r RM.19: '1080' (?16th century hand)
  • 150v LM.7: '[…]hdrud' (?16th century hand)
  • 151r BM: 'Sulyen' (scribe's hand, circled)
  • 152r RM.11: '1100[…]' (?16th century hand, in a box)
  • 154r RM.6: '1102'
  • 154r IL..6: 'nodi' (unclear, above 'ywein', ?16th century hand)
  • 154v LM.6: '[…]06'
  • 156r RM.16 'vchd[…]' (unclear)
  • 156v IL.21: 'gisgein' (?'gwasgwyn' above 'gre', ?16th century hand)
  • 161r RM.14: 'cas' (unclear, ?16th century hand)
  • 161v IL.15: 'ro llestio'(unclear, above 'chyllit', ?16th century hand)
  • 162v IL.12: 'no darlin' (unclear, above 'edewidyon adaỽ llawer', ?16th century hand)
  • 163r BM: 'gỽreic ryderch vab teỽdỽr.' (scribe's hand, circled)
  • 166v IL.19: 'nodd dyn' (unclear, ?16th century hand)
  • 166v LM.7: '[…]an' (scribe's hand, in box)
  • 168v IL.21: illegible
  • 170r RM.16 'duỽ[…] dd[…]' (?16th century hand)
  • 170v LM.10: 'marvolaeth' (?16th century hand)
  • 170v LM.10: 'gruff[ud] ap kyn[an]' (unclear, ?16th century hand)
  • 170v BM: 'diffic ynyaỽl' (unclear, ?16th century hand)
  • 171r IL.16: 'meilo' (unclear, ?later hand)
  • 172r RM.16: illegible (text cut off probably during binding)
  • 172v LM.10: '[…]nwy […]d grvc' (?16th century hand)
  • 172v LM.22: '[…]stell […]wis' (?16th century hand)
  • 173v LM.16: '[…]al' (?16th century hand)
  • 173v LM.20: '[…]roes […]swelt' (?16th century hand)
  • 174r RM.12: 'e[…] g[…]' (?16th century hand)
  • 174r RM.20: 'ow[…] gwy[…]' (?16th century hand)
  • 175r RM.3: 'ka[..] en[…] u[…]' (unclear, ?16th century hand)
  • 175r RM.6: 'eglw[…] o va[…] o veif' (unclear, ?16th century hand)
  • 175r RM.12: 'din[…] bass[…]' (?16th century hand)
  • 175r RM.24: 'kilo[…] enus[…]' (unclear, ?16th century hand)
  • 175v LM.16: 'kastel ial' (?16th century hand)
  • 175v LM.19: 'gwrgan ap R[hys]' (unclear, ?16th century hand)
  • 176v LM.23: 'molyant' (scribe's hand)
  • 176v LM.23: 'mad[awc] ab M[a]r[e]d[ud]' (?16th century hand)
  • 176v BM: 'mad[awc] ab M[a]red[ud] mawr' (?16th century hand)
  • 177r IL.5: illegible
  • 177v LM.16: 'vapwannwynew' (unclear)
  • 177v LM.23: '[…]roes […]swallt'
  • 178r RM.3: 'edeirnon'
  • 178v LM.9: '[…]inas […]assin'
  • 178v LM.16: 'Moch nant'
  • 179r LM.2: illegible
  • 179r LM.13: illegible
  • 179r IL.18: illegible
  • 182r IL.11-12: 'yr Arglwydd Rhes' (in hand of Dr John Davies according to Thomas Jones's edition of the text)
  • 183v RM.27: 'Lucius'
  • 183v BM: 'llan elwy'
  • 184r IL.2-3: 'went'
  • 185r LM.22: '[…]ea[…]'
  • 185r LM.26: 'amu ddu'
  • 185v LM.5: 'strat[…]ric'
  • 185v LM.7: '[…]astell ay[…] […]wy'
  • 186v LM.11: '[…]d'
  • 188r. IL.4-5: '1200'
  • 188v LM.9: 'bala'
  • 189v LM.8: 'dalegaely'
  • 189v LM.16: 'vrf'
  • 192v LM.18: 'owis' (scribe's hand, in box)
  • 195r BM: 'koesosevallt'
  • 195v LM.12: 'duw'
  • 200r RM.19: 'o'
  • 200r RM.21: 'gwili[…] bedy'
  • 200r IL.22-3: 'senedddy'
  • 200r RM.25: 'bal[…]'
  • 200v IL.12-13: 'Cerniw'
  • 200v LM.21: 'kroes swallt'
  • 201v LM.10: 'ber an es'
  • 201v IL.13-14: 'Otto'
  • 202r RM.13: 'y ga'
  • 202v LM.17: 'teganwy'
  • 202v LM.20 'nodaifer' (unclear)
  • 203r RM.9: 'keynv dayar'
  • 203r RM.20: 'faxti kynt'
  • 203v LM.15: '[…]hat […]ssaỽc'
  • 204r RM.14: 'edrych la[…]'
  • 204v IL.2-3: 'feganigl y' (unclear)
  • 205r RM.24: '1260'
  • 206r RM.11: 'ffaelan yrwyd gruc' (unclear)
  • 206v BM: 'V. MS. Iolo P. 712 […] ubi […] entae Historia Con[…]' (unclear)

The manuscript is accompanied by a note containing a list of the contents in a modern hand, possibly that of J. Gwenogvryn Evans: 'This Book contains Geoffrey of Monmouth's British History and Brut y Brenhinoedd and Brut y Tywysogion by 'Caradoc of llancarfan' It is much soild and imperfect.'

The manuscript dates from the middle of the fourteenth century (Huws 2000: 60).

The manuscript once formed part of the Mostyn library at Gloddaeth as evidenced by the Gloddaeth Library bookplate on the inside of the front cover, where it is identified as MS. 93.

A modern hand, possibly that of J. Gwenogvryn Evans, identifies the manuscript as 'MS No 116' in the top centre of the page, and as 'NLW MS 3035 B' in the top right corner. The figures 'H/2b' in the top left corner are difficult to interpret.

Information on the dating and hand of this manuscript is based on the following authorities:

  • Evans, J. Gwenogvryn. 1898-1910. Mostyn Manuscript 116. Report on manuscripts in the Welsh Language 1. London: HMSO. 56-62.
  • Evans, J. Gwenogvryn and Rhŷs, John. 1890. The Text of the Bruts from the Red Book of Hergest. Oxford: J.G. Evans.
  • Huws, Daniel. 2000. Medieval Welsh Manuscripts. Cardiff and Aberystwyth: University of Wales Press and the National Library of Wales.
  • Huws, Daniel. A Repertory of Welsh Manuscripts and Scribes. draft.
  • Jones, Thomas. 1955. Brut y Tywysogyon or The Chronicle of the Princes: Red Book of Hergest Version. Cardiff: University of Wales Press.
  • Meister, Ferdinandus. 1893. Daretis Phrygii de excidio Troiae historia. Leipzig: B.G. Teubner.

The Welsh Prose 1350-1425 website is the product of an AHRC funded research project undertaken by staff at the School of Welsh, Cardiff University from 2004 through 2007 called Corff Electronig o Ryddiaith Cymraeg Canol. The aim of this project was to produce machine-readable editions of all the medieval Welsh prose texts which have been preserved in manuscripts dating from c.1350 to c.1425.

The project is a continuation and a development of two previous projects funded by the University of Wales which transcribed the Welsh prose in manuscripts dated to c.1250-c.1350.

The intention is to give scholars access not only to texts that have hitherto remained unedited but also to the different versions of texts that have been the subject of critical editions.

Certain decorative features have been encoded: these may trigger further study of the original manuscripts. Primarily, however, the resource provides detail which it is hoped will further the study of the language and literature of the period.

In producing this edition, we have attempted to fulfil two different and often non-complementary if not opposing goals: to present a minimally edited edition of the text, and to represent as many visual features of the manuscript as possible.

Visual features of the text such as layout, and rubrication may prove to be as essential in textual interpretation as features such as punctuation, letter forms, capitalisation and word division, which are more usually invoked by scholars in the field.

The orthography of the original text has been maintained, even where it is idiosyncratic, as the unique characteristics of the scribe's spelling may shed light upon the language of the period as he, his audience, or patron used it. Where the scribe's orthography seems to merit particular attention, an editorial gloss has been added to indicate what we believe to have been the target form.

In some places, especially where the manuscript is damaged, we have supplied text. This serves the two-fold purpose of presenting a complete text and, perhaps more importantly, of indicating the size of the damaged area.

In order to make editorial intervention as transparent as possible, supplied text is clearly marked off from the manuscript text by a different font. Also in the spirit of editorial transparency, we have wherever possible used published editions for supplied text. Text supplied from published editions may suffer from obvious errors or significant differences in orthography from the manuscript text. We have refrained from imposing our own editorial actions on such features.

The transcription of this manuscript, as well as the information in this TEI header, is based on the microfilm reproduction of the manuscript produced by the National Library of Wales in 1996. As we have not checked the transcription against the original, information on the matters such as colour scheme and ornamentation should be treated as provisional.

  • 28-Jan-2011 DL: edited TEI header
  • 14-Aug-2007 PWT: edited TEI header
  • 18-Jul-2006 – 24-Jul-2006 PWT: edited XML encoded files, produced table of corrections and amended where necessary
  • 6-Apr-2006 DL: converted Word files with shortcuts into XML files and corrected them
  • 8-Dec-2004 – 25-Feb-2005 DMS: corrected electronic transcription of folios 24r-99v, 177r-194v
  • 7-Dec-2004 – 4-Mar-2005 DL: corrected electronic transcription of folios 1r-23v, 100r-176v
  • 6-Dec-2004 – 3-Mar-2005 DL: checked DMS's corrections of folios 1r-23v, 100r-176v against microfilm
  • 6-Dec-2004 – 25-Feb-2005 DMS: checked DL's corrections of folios 24r-99v, 177r-194v against microfilm
  • 30-Nov-2004 – 24-Feb-2005 DMS: checked DL's transcript of folios 1r-23v, 100r-176v against prints
  • 30-Nov-2004 – 23-Feb-2005 DL: checked DMS's transcript of folios 24r-99v, 177r-194v against prints
  • 29-Nov-2004 – 23-Feb-2005 DMS: transcribed folios 24r-99v, 177r-194v with shortcuts
  • 25-Nov-2004 – 23-Feb-2005 DL: transcribed folios 1r-23v, 100r-176v with shortcuts

The material has been transcribed separately.